Velocity and Motion


MS Forces and Interactions

Students who demonstrate understanding can:

MS-PS2-1.    Apply Newton’s Third Law to design a solution to a problem involving the motion of two colliding objects.* [Clarification Statement: Examples of practical problems could include the impact of collisions between two cars, between a car and stationary objects, and between a meteor and a space vehicle.] [Assessment Boundary: Assessment is limited to vertical or horizontal interactions in one dimension.]

MS-PS2-2.    Plan an investigation to provide evidence that the change in an object’s motion depends on the sum of the forces on the object and the mass of the object. [Clarification Statement: Emphasis is on balanced (Newton’s First Law) and unbalanced forces in a system, qualitative comparisons of forces, mass and changes in motion (Newton’s Second Law), frame of reference, and specification of units.] [Assessment Boundary: Assessment is limited to forces and changes in motion in one-dimension in an inertial reference frame and to change in one variable at a time. Assessment does not include the use of trigonometry.]

MS-PS2-3.    Ask questions about data to determine the factors that affect the strength of electric and magnetic forces. [Clarification Statement: Examples of devices that use electric and magnetic forces could include electromagnets, electric motors, or generators. Examples of data could include the effect of the number of turns of wire on the strength of an electromagnet, or the effect of increasing the number or strength of magnets on the speed of an electric motor.] [Assessment Boundary: Assessment about questions that require quantitative answers is limited to proportional reasoning and algebraic thinking.]

MS-PS2-4.    Construct and present arguments using evidence to support the claim that gravitational interactions are attractive and depend on the masses of interacting objects. [Clarification Statement: Examples of evidence for arguments could include data generated from simulations or digital tools; and charts displaying mass, strength of interaction, distance from the Sun, and orbital periods of objects within the solar system.] [Assessment Boundary: Assessment does not include Newton’s Law of Gravitation or Kepler’s Laws.]

MS-PS2-5.    Conduct an investigation and evaluate the experimental design to provide evidence that fields exist between objects exerting forces on each other even though the objects are not in contact. [Clarification Statement: Examples of this phenomenon could include the interactions of magnets, electrically-charged strips of tape, and electrically-charged pith balls. Examples of investigations could include first-hand experiences or simulations.]

MS Engineering Design

Students who demonstrate understanding can:

MS-ETS1-1. Define the criteria and constraints of a design problem with sufficient precision to ensure a successful solution, taking into account relevant scientific principles and potential impacts on people and the natural environment that may limit possible solutions.

MS-ETS1-2. Evaluate competing design solutions using a systematic process to determine how well they meet the criteria and constraints of the problem.

MS-ETS1-3. Analyze data from tests to determine similarities and differences among several design solutions to identify the best characteristics of each that can be combined into a new solution to better meet the criteria for success.

MS-ETS1-4.  Develop a model to generate data for iterative testing and modification of a proposed object, tool, or process such that an optimal design can be achieved.

Class PowerPoints

Amusement Park Physics -Mecha...

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Following Directions Lesson-S...

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Discovering Newtons Laws 4-8

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Forces and Motion 4-8

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Web Resources

Amusement Park Physics          Roller Coaster Simulation               Build A Coaster               

 How to Make a Coaster Work           How Stuff Works - Coaster           





Digital video  from California Streaming



Teacher Resources

Roller Coaster Velocity Unit                           The Physics Classroom  -lessons

Distance/Time/Speed Activity                        Distance/Time/Speed Whiteboard

Measuring Speed Activity                               Motion Graphs

K'Nex Roller Coaster Class Video

  • Physical Science - Steck-Vaughn  ISBN 0-8172-3764-X
  • K’Nex Amusement Park Experience (With Teacher Guide and CD )
  • Step By Step Instructions for Building Incredible Roller Coasters (ebook and paper)
  • Amusement Park Physics: A Teacher's Guide ISBN-13: 978-0825142642
  • Solar Roller Coaster
  • How-To Paper -Holt, Rinehart and Winston

 Sir Isaac Newton and Thomas Jefferson       Newton's Influence on Jefferson




  • Reading A-Z Leveled Readers - Speed  Speed - NonFiction Story 
  • World Of Nascar - NF Story 
  • Isaac Newton and the Laws of Motion (Graphic Novel) ISBN-13: 978-0736878999
  • Edhelper leveled reading i.e. Sir Isaac Newton   
  • Isaac Newton and Physics for Kids: His Life and Ideas with 21 Activities ISBN-13: 978-1556527784  
  • Roller Coaster   ISBN-13: 978-0152057442   
  • Curious George Roller Coaster  ISBN-13: 978-0618800407
  • At the Amusement Park  ISBN-13: 978-9810522438
  • Twists and Turns: Forces in Motion ISBN-13: 978-0836889505
  • Falling for Fun: Gravity in Action  ISBN-13: 978-0836889499
  • High-Speed Thrills: Acceleration and Velocity ISBN-13: 978-0836889482
  • Using Math to Design a Roller Coaster BN-13: 978-0836867732


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